Discussion on the Approaches to Development of Transport System of the Northern Territories of the USSR in the 1920’s

Boyakova S.I.

On the basis of new archive sources we analyzed the projects of creating main routes of transportation as a fundamental Soviet strategy for development of natural resources of the North. For the first time the role and position of Yakutia in the discussion of the project of building a transcontinental main railway – the Great Northern Route is investigated. The reasons for the ultimate choice of the alternative (though traditional) option connected with the development of the Northern Sea Route are considered.

Key words: industrial development, transport, main transportation routes, Great Northern Route, Northern Sea Route.

Science and Education, 2014, No.3, pp.9-13