Epizootological Monitoring of Anthrax in the Vilyui Zone of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and its Epidemiological Significance

Dyagilev G.Т., Ignatieva M.E., Chernyavsky V.F.

This article presents a brief description of Verkhnevilyuisky district, the date of formation, the number of settlements, and analyzed and summarized data of epizootologic anthrax in domestic animals in the district area, the date was specified, the number of epizootic anthrax in human settlements and the number of dead animals. The largest epizootic anthrax in animals was detected in 1914 in thirteen villages. The maximum number of repeated cases of epizootic anthrax was noted in Edyugeysky, Orgietsky, Chochunsky, Khorinsky, Meyiksky, I Kyuletsky villages. Accordingly, in those communities where repeated cases of epizootics of anthrax were registered, the greatest number of domestic animals fell; Edygeysky - 346 heads, Orgietsky - 290 heads, Chochunsky - 500 heads, Horinsky - 489 heads, Meyiksky - 215 heads, I Kyuletsky - 258 heads. The last epizootic of anthrax was registered in the Verkhnevilyuisky district in 3 disadvantaged points in 1978. A total of 14 corpses (11 moose, 1 bear, 1 colt, 1 pig). The total number of dead domestic animals in the Verkhnevilyuisky district from the epizootic of anthrax was 3339 heads, of which 1918 cattle (57,44 %), horses 1377 (41,23 %), deer 44 (1,31 %).

Key words: epizootology, anthrax, domestic animals, Verkhnevilyuisky District, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), monitoring.

Science and Education, 2017, No.3, pp.140-145